THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Courtesy Oestara Publishing LLC


The PRESENT PERFECT TENSE makes use of the verb TO HAVE in its present tense form of HAS or HAVE.  The present perfect tense is used to show that an event, activity, or state of being STARTED IN THE PAST *BUT CONTINUES* TO HAPPEN ON INTO THE PRESENT.

For example:

THE GHOUL HAS HAUNTED THE CEMETERY FOR YEARS.

The word “haunted” shows that the haunting took place in the past, and the word “has” shows that the haunting continues to the present time.  This diagram shows how the haunting continues in time from the past to the present:
 

                                *------------->-------------------->----------------->
Past <-----------------/-------------------------------------------------------/----------------------->Future
                             -1                                                                Now
                      has haunted
                     Present Perfect

In the sentence, the phrase “for years” is a clue that an activity is being continued over time.
*HINT* Frequently a prepositional phrase starting with the preposition "for" and ending with a time indicates that the verb should be in the present perfect.
 

In these sentences look for a prepositional phrase that starts with the word “for” and ends with a time.  If you find one, circle it and then fill in the word “has” or “have” in the blank beside the verb.

1. Low moans _____ come from the graves for three hours.

2. Seers ____ given seances in the cemetery for decades.

3. Ghosts _____frightened several children last year.

4. One ghost _____ scared trick or treaters for my whole life.

5. A banshee ______ shrieks horribly every Halloween.

6 A student _____ seen a ghost by one particular tombstone for three successive Halloweens.

7. Another student _____ felt a cold chill at the same grave.

8. For two hours after midnight some students ____ kept vigil in the graveyard.

9.  No strange apparition ____ appeared, but another student did join them.

10.  When everyone _____ walked to the cemetery gate to leave, the student they had met vanished.
 

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