Courtesy of Oestara Publishing LLC

copyright 1996 Cynthia Joyce Clay

Please respect the copyright of the author by only reproducing for non-commercial purposes.

DIRECT OBJECTS have been found in these sentences. When the direct object is a noun,the noun has been crossed out and a pronoun has been written in to replace the noun. The modifiers of the direct objects have also been crossed out to show how the pronoun would replace both the noun and the modifiers. When the direct object is a pronoun, it has been made bold.

1. The robot bought wires, computer chips, and Amazing Plastic Skin. THEM

2. At the beauty shop, the robot purchased Lovely Locks Paste. IT

3. Lovely Locks Paste sprouts (pretty) hair when spread on skin. IT

4. It even grows (lovely) locks on Amazing Plastic Skin.IT

5. The robot built (an) android. IT/HER (LATER, THE ANDROID IS FOUND TO BE FEMALE.)

6. The robot only put (the) Lovely Locks Paste where it would be attractive on the android. IT

7. He did not spread Lovely Locks Paste on the android's underarms or on its legs. IT

8. The android liked (her) hair.IT

9. She wanted it to grow very long.

10. The robot loved (the)android. IT/HER

11. The android loved (the robot's )owner. HIM

12. The owner did not like (this )situation. IT

13. The owner bought (another) robot. IT/HER (LATER, THIS ROBOT TURNS OUT TO BE FEMALE.)

14. The owner bought Lovely Locks Paste. IT

15. The owner spread (the) Lovely Locks Paste on the new robot. IT/HER

16. He also gave her (a sweet) voice. IT

17. It worked; the robot changed (his) affection.IT

18. The robot loved (the new) robot for her pretty hair and sweet voice. HER

19. The android resented (the new) robot. HER

20. The robot built (another) android.

21. However, he did not put Lovely Locks Paste on it. IT

22. The new android hadhair just like the bald owner. IT

23. The android with lovely, long hair adored (the new) adroid.IT/HIM

24. She preferred (bald) males.THEM

INDIRECT OBJECTS receive the direct object. The indirect objects of these sentences have been made bold when they are pronouns, and they have been crossed out when they are nouns. A pronoun has replaced those indirect objects that are nouns. Modifiers of the indirect objects have also been crossed out to show how a pronoun would replace the noun and the noun's modifiers.

1. The saleswoman handed (the) child the Lovely Locks Paste. HER

2. The child had bought (her teenage) brother "Thick, Curly Brown" Locks Paste. HIM

3. Her brother had promised her half of his Halloween candy for buying the Paste.

4. At sunset on Halloween, the girl took (her teenage )sybling the "Thick, Curly Brown" Lovely Locks Paste. HIM

5. The girl gave (her brother's) feet a coating of Lovely Locks Paste.THEM

6. The teenager gave (his) face a coating of Lovely Locks Paste. IT

7. The girl gave (her brother's) hands a coating of the Paste. THEM

8. Within minutes the teenager looked like a were-wolf, and he tossed (his) sister the empty jar of paste. HER

9. Later, after trick-or-treating, the teenager would not give (his) sister the promised candy.HER

10. "Give me the Locks Removal Ointment," he ordered the child.

11. The girl would not give (the teenage) were-wolf the Locks Removal Ointment. HIM

12. "Give the candy to me, or I will not give you the Ointment!"

13. The teenager gave (the) child the candy. HER

Objects of the preposition are merely nouns or pronouns that follow a preposition to complete a prepositional phrase.The objects of prepositions in these sentences have been made bold when they are pronouns. When the object is a noun, the noun has been crossed out and a pronoun has been written to replace the noun.

1. A little girl had a tiny pig for a pet. IT

2. The pig had no hair on its shiny, pink body. IT

3. The little girl had wanted a cat, but her parents did not want a cat in the house.IT

4. They claimed a cat would do its claws on the furniture. IT

5. The pig with no hair did not scratch up the furniture.IT

6. In fact, the pig was very sweet and followed the little girl around the house.IT/IT

7. It would also sit on the child's lap.IT

8. Naturally, the little girl became attached to the nice pig.IT

9. However, she still was not completely satisfied with her pet.IT

10. So, she bought some Lovely Locks Paste and spread it all over the pig.IT

11. Beautiful hair grew on the pig's entire body. IT

12. "Now, I have a kitty!" the little girl exclaimed as she ran her hands through the pig's new, soft fur.IT

13. The child's parents approved of the hair on the pig.IT

14. Everybody in the house was happy--even the pig. IT

When dealing with a compound subject or object, just cover up the noun and the "and" with your thumb so that you can see clearly what is needed. Or, try saying the sentence twice.

The appropriate pronoun in these sentences has been underlined.

1.The wizard and (her/she) are going to hex (I/me).

2.Martha and (me/I) told Maria.

3. Maria said, "Well just between you and (me/I), their magic is weak."

4. Then, Maria gave (we/us) a magic potion to protect (we/us).

5. "Oh, give (I,me) that'." yelled the wizard and (her/she), coming into the room.

6. Maria and (us/we) threw it at the wizard and (her/she).

7. The potion exploded on the floor, and the wizard and (she/her) disapeared in the potion's magical smoke.

8. That solves the problem of the wizard and (she/her), now what about lunch?


WHO equals HE, and WHOM equals HIM.

The correct pronoun in these sentences has been underlined.

1. At (who/whom) did Maria throw the pie?

2. (Who/whom) threw the pie?

3. Jose gave (who/whom) the good advice.

4. Maria listened to Jack and (who/whom)?

5. Maria will marry (whoever/whomever) advised her not to throw pies.

If you would like to learn more grammar, just go to The Grammar Table of Contents.